Democratic Republic of the Congo map

Democratic Republic of the Congo

The Democratic Republic of the Congo (DRC) is one of the world’s largest rainforest nations with some 152 million hectares of forest – almost 70% of the country’s land area. This is equal to 7.6% of the world’s total tropical forest area. The DRC lost the second-largest area of tropical primary forest of any country (after Brazil) in 2018. The main driver of this deforestation is small-scale, non-mechanized forest clearing for agriculture. At the current rate of tree cover loss, the DRC’s primary forests could be completely razed by 2100.

REDD+ actors and activities

The DRC has engaged in the REDD+ process since 2009, and the national process has passed several milestones. The country’s National REDD+ Framework Strategy was adopted in 2012, aiming to stabilize forest cover to 63.5% from 2030, and maintain it thereafter. The National REDD+ Investment Plan 2015-2020, adopted in 2015, brings a programming framework for all sectors related to forests, and served as the basis for the Letter of Intent signed between DRC and the Central African Forest Initiative (CAFI) in 2016. With the accompanying capitalisation of the DRC’s REDD+ National Fund (FONAREDD), this marked the start of the REDD+ investment phase.

Other multilateral investment programmes are currently being implemented in the DRC, including the Forest Investment Programme and the Mai Ndombe jurisdictional REDD+ project, which aims to achieve the reduction of 29 million tonnes of CO2 through results-based payments.

EU REDD Facility actions in Democratic Republic of the Congo

In the DRC, the EU REDD Facility focuses on strengthening the engagement of stakeholders in the REDD process, as well as national and local dialogue on climate finance. The Facility provides tools to support inclusive and informed coordination and implementation of the REDD+ investment plan, as well as its connection with FLEGT. For more information about our work, see the Actions below:

Creating incentives for logging companies to engage in REDD+ in the Democratic Republic of the Congo

Law enforcement and forest governance in the Democratic Republic of the Congo (DRC) are weak and present significant risks to the successful implementation of REDD+. To address this challenge, the EU REDD Facility has helped design a compliance standard for monitoring the activities of logging companies and design tailored support to companies willing to engage. Innovative incentives are needed to encourage logging companies to comply with forestry laws and to address illegal logging.

Linking REDD+ and FLEGT at the provincial level in the Democratic Republic of the Congo

The EU REDD Facility strengthens the capacity and role of REDD+ focal points and supports their activities in promoting synergies between FLEGT and REDD+. This project supports the decentralisation of the REDD+ process in the Democratic Republic of the Congo.
An aerial shot shows the contrast between forest and agricultural landscapes near Rio Branco, Acre, Brazil.Kate Evans, CIFOR

Fostering South-South cooperation with Brazil in the Democratic Republic of the Congo

The EU REDD Facility facilitated exchanges and mutual learning between the Democratic Republic of the Congo and Brazil and identified opportunities for cooperation between the two countries on REDD+. The project provided financial support, facilitated collaboration, and provided technical input and backstopping to identify areas of potential collaboration between the Democratic Republic of the Congo and Brazil, in the context of bilateral cooperation in REDD+.