Ecuador is the second country to have received financial resources from the Green Climate Fund (GCF), having successfully reduced greenhouse gas emissions from deforestation. The country registered a 48.6% reduction in its forest rate during the last two decades. However, deforestation is still a concern. For its size, Ecuador has the highest annual deforestation rate of any country in the Western Hemisphere.
Deforestation and land use changes are one of the main sources of greenhouse gas emissions in Ecuador. The main driver of deforestation is agricultural expansion for pasture and crop cultivation.
PROAmazonia, Ecuador’s main national REDD+ investment programme, is an initiative by the Ministry of Environment and Ministry of Agriculture and UNDP and funded by the GCF and Global Environmental Fund (GEF). The programme supports Ecuador’s ambition to cut emissions from land use, land-use change, and forestry by 20% by 2025.
In 2019, Ecuador’s Ministries of Agriculture, Environment and the Ministry of Production and External Trade launched a “Premium & Sustainable” campaign, aimed at developing sustainable, fair and deforestation-free agriculture. As a continuity, in 2021 Ecuador developed a national label for zero-deforestation certification, the BPA+ (Buenas Prácticas Agrícolas plus).