EU REDD Facility: Strategic orientations 2018 – 2022
This paper presents the Facility’s strategy for 2018-2022. It gives an overview of the problems the Facility aims to help countries address and the context in which this will happen. It then presents the Facility’s strategic goal, objectives and planned actions. It also describes how the Facility’s communication efforts are informing EU and international policies on deforestation.
- Reducing greenhouse gas emissions from deforestation and forest degradation is essential to limit global warming to less than two degrees Celsius.
- Deforestation and forest degradation are responsible for a quarter of all greenhouse gas emissions caused by human activities, which is more than emissions from the transport sector.
- Afforestation, sustainable forest management, and reduced deforestation are the most cost-effective mitigation options in the land-use sector.
- Forests provide goods and services that are essential for livelihoods, such as regulating river flows, water tables, and local rain patterns, limiting soil erosion, sustaining economically-important species, and conserving genetic resources.
- Agricultural expansion causes up to 80% of tropical deforestation worldwide, much of which is carried out illegally to produce food, feed, biofuel, and other commodities for export markets.
- Transparency, stakeholder participation in decision making, accountability, capacity, and coordination are critical to solving challenges associated with forest and land-use governance.
- Experiences from processes such as Forest Law Enforcement, Governance and Trade (FLEGT) and REDD+ provide insights into the emerging challenges and offer possible approaches to address them.
- REDD+ has progressively moved to a broader definition of results, framed in terms of sustainable development, private sector involvement, and sustainability of land-use investments.