Legal frameworks and enforcement

Unclear legal frameworks governing land allocation, land use and forest conversion — and a lack of implementation of and compliance with these frameworks — are key underlying causes of deforestation and forest degradation in tropical countries.

Legal frameworks and enforcement

Unclear legal frameworks governing land allocation, land use and forest conversion — and a lack of implementation of and compliance with these frameworks — are key underlying causes of deforestation and forest degradation in tropical countries.

These factors contribute to illegal land allocation and forest conversion, including for the expansion of commercial agriculture.

Addressing these issues requires understanding of gaps and weaknesses of legal frameworks governing land allocation, land use and forest conversion. Independent monitoring of the implementation of relevant legal frameworks by non-state actors is fundamental to spurring governance reforms. Providing legal compliance incentives for forest and agriculture sector actors also supports deforestation-free commodity production and related trade, and promotes better land-use governance.

The work of the EU REDD Facility provides lessons and experiences in clarifying legal frameworks and incentives for compliance at subnational and national levels.

Actions

Vietnam local-level integrated monitoring tool: monitoring timber legality, deforestation and ecosystem services

The EU REDD Facility and Fauna & Flora International collaboratively developed a pilot, local-level forest monitoring platform that integrates the requirements of three initiatives that aim to protect and sustainably manage forests. These are: 1) the initiative to reduce emissions from deforestation and forest degradation, and conservation, sustainable forest management and enhancement of carbon stocks in developing countries, 2) Forest Law Enforcement, Governance and Trade and 3) Payment for Forest Environmental Services.
Manuel Boissière, CIRAD and CIFOR

Integrating customary forests in Indonesia’s legality assurance system

The EU REDD Facility is conducting in collaboration with the Indonesian Civil Society Organisation KARSA a study to assess options for legal and sustainable production and trade of timber from customary forests. The focus will be on integration of customary forests into Indonesia’s timber legality assurance system (SVLK). The study will inform subnational multi-stakeholder dialogues and national-level policy process on customary forests and legal timber production.

Legal frameworks’ contribution to forest-related climate change targets in Indonesia

The EU REDD Facility, in collaboration with Inovasi Bumi and Climate Focus, is carrying out a study to determine how clarified and implemented legal frameworks could contribute to reducing deforestation in Indonesia. This reduced deforestation would help the country achieve the forest-related targets in its nationally determined contribution under the Paris Agreement on climate change.